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New SAT语法复习
寄托天下 2005-03-09 05:14 浏览6914次
2005年5月中国考生将首次挑战即将揭开其神秘面纱的New SAT。对比新老SAT,不难发现其中最大的变化在于New SAT添加了对语法知识的考察。然而,New SAT官方复习资料Official SAT却只提供了8套练习题,这是完全不能满足以高分为目标的中国考生的需求的。为了让广大New SAT考生取得满意的成绩,北京新东方学校SAT项目研发小组核心成员朱江老师简要谈一下New SAT语法部分的复习资料及方法。 New SAT在Writing部分里面添加了三种语法题型,第一类Identifying Sentence Error(句子改错,简称ISE)类似TOEFL语法题,两者从形式到考察的语法知识点都极其相似,唯一的区别就是ISE题型在四个一般的备选项之外还添加了一个选择句子没有错误的选项。但总的来说,这两种题型是基本一致的,难度也一样。因此,考生可把往年的TOEFL语法题作为练习ISE的好工具。   SAT ISE样题:   The other delegates and him immediately accepted the resolution[b] (A) (B) (C)[b]drafted by the neutral states. No error[b](D) (E) Answer: B   TOEFL语法样题:[b]  To survive, most birds must eat at least half their own weigh in food every day. [b]   A            B              C       D   Answer: C 第二类题型Improving Sentence(改进句子,简称IS)和GMAT中的Sentence Correction(改正句子)也是极为相似,两者都是给出一个部分划线或者全部划线的句子,在句子后面有五个选项,其中A选项与原文中的划线部分是一样的,考生要做的就是从这我个选项中找出一个最佳选项去替换原文中的划线部分(选A则表示不用替换)。IS题型在整个语法部分占的比例最重,难度也相对较大,因此应成为整个语法复习中的重点。笔者认为,在IS练习题有限的情况下,适当做一些与New SAT语法难度相当或者比New SAT语法稍微难一些的GMAT语法题是相当有用的,但是如果不区分难度的做GMAT语法题,不仅会浪费考生宝贵的复习时间,而且做题效果也不会明显。为此,北京新东方学校SAT项目组从GMAT官方复习资料(Official Guide For GMAT)中精心挑选出适合New SAT考生需要的语法题目供考生练习。每一道被挑选出来的语法题目都有详尽的解释,可以让考生在课程结束之后也能对GMAT语法题有透彻的理解。   New SAT IS样题:[b]  Laura Ingalls Wilder published her first book and she was sixty-five years old then.[b]   (A) and she was sixty-five years old then[b]   (B) when she was sixty-five[b]   (C) at age sixty-five years old[b]   (D) upon the reaching of sixty-five years[b]   (E) at the time when she was sixty-five   Answer: B   GMAT语法样题:[b]  Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.[b]  (A) as old as any of their supposed[b]  (B) older than any of their supposed[b]  (C) as old as their supposed[b]  (D) older than any of their supposedly[b]  (E) as old as their supposedly Answer: B 第三种题型Improving Paragraph(改进文章,简称IP)可以说是阅读题和语法题的结合,在现在其余所有英语考试中都没有与其类似的题目。但是仔细分析后就会发现,只要对把握好IS题型和文章每一段的主题,这种题型也不是太难。   New SAT IP样题:[b]  (1) Many times art history courses focus on the great "masters," ignoring those women who should have achieved fame. (2) Often women artists like Mary Cassatt have worked in the shadows of their male contemporaries. (3) They have rarely received much attention during their lifetimes.[b]……[b]  1. In context, which is the best revision to the underlined portion of sentence 3 (reproduced below)?[b]They have rarely received much attention during their lifetimes.[b]   (A) In fact, they had[b]   (B) Too bad these artists have[b]   (C) As a result, these women have[b]   (D) In spite of this, women artists[b]   (E) Often it is the case that the former have   Answer: C 总体而言,对于本来复习时间就很紧张的New SAT中国考生来说,由于其基础语法知识比较扎实,而单词量有限,阅读能力较弱,所以中国考生语法的复习大约应该占20%,从而把时间留给单词的记忆和阅读的复习。但是也不能轻视语法的复习,因为语法部分在整个writing部分占70%的分数,可以在分数上弥补由于考生作文能力不强而导致的丢分。 只要考生分配好复习时间,运用正确的复习方法,NEW SAT高分学员。
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